« La Francophonie is a vast country without borders.
It is the French language.

This is the home country.

It is the invisible, spiritual, mental, moral land that is in each of you. »

Gilles Vigneault

Le Monde francophone covers all the countries and territories where people can live in French.

Language of administration, business and media of all kinds, alone or with another local language “partner”.


Être francophone

54 full members


  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Belgium
  • Benin
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Canada/New Brunswick
  • Canada/Quebec
  • Central African Republic
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Congo (DR)
  • Ivory Coast
  • Djibouti
  • Dominique
  • Egypt
  • FYR of Macedonia
  • France
  • Gabon
  • Greece
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Haïti
  • Laos
  • Lebanon
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Mali
  • Morocco
  • Mauritius
  • Mauritania
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Niger
  • Romania
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Lucia
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Seychelles
  • Switzerland
  • Chad
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Vanuatu
  • Vietnam
  • Wallonia-Brussels (Federation)

7 associate members

  • Cyprus
  • Ghana
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Kosovo
  • France/New Caledonia
  • Qatar
  • Serbia

27 observers

  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Canada/Ontario
  • South Korea
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Dominican Republic
  • Estonia
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Louisiana
  • Malta
  • Mexico
  • Montenegro
  • Mozambie
  • Poland
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Czech (Republic)
  • Thailand
  • Ukraine
  • Uruguay
  • 1974

    Inauguration of the first international francophone youth festival


  • 1973

    Conference of Francophone Ministers of Cooperation in Bamako

  • 1972

    Inauguration of the Ecole Internationale de Bordeaux (EIB). The EIB was almost two decades old, the main documentation centre for Francophone cooperation. She organized thousands of seminars, colloquia and internships for the Francosphere. This structure trained several generations of Francophone administrators


  • 1971

    1st Francophone Conference «of Ministers of Public Service» in Lomé (Togo)


Léopold Sédar Senghor

Former President of Senegal

Birth: October 9th, 1906
Death: December 20th, 2001

Habib Bourguiba

Former President of the Republic of Tunisia

Birth: August 3rd, 1903
Death: April 6th, 2000

1970

«In the rubble of colonialism, we found this wonderful tool, the French language», liked to repeat the poet Léopold Sédar Senghor, former president of Senegal.


A formula that reflects the philosophy of the founding fathers of the institutional Francophonie – Senghor and his Tunisian counterparts, Habib Bourguiba and Nigerian, Hamani Diori, as well as Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia – which consists of making use of French in the service of solidarity, development and rapprochement of peoples through the permanent dialogue of civilizations.


This is the whole purpose of the signing in Niamey, on 20 March 1970, by representatives of 21 States and governments, of the Convention establishing the Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT). A new intergovernmental organization founded around the sharing of a common language, French, responsible for promoting and disseminating the cultures of its members and intensifying cultural and technical cooperation between them. The Francophone project has constantly evolved since the creation of the ACCT, which in 1998 became the Agence Intergouvernementale de la Francophonie and, in 2005, the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.


Hamani Diori

Teacher and Nigerian Statesman

Birth: June 6th, 1916
Death: April 23rd, 1989

Norodom Sihanouk

Former Monarch of Cambodia

Birth: October 31st, 1922
Death: October 15th, 2012

  • 1969

    Creation of the Conference of Ministers of Youth and Sports of Francophone Countries.


  • 1967

    Constitution of the International Association of Parliamentarians of the French Language


  • 1961

    Creation of the Association of Universities partially or entirely of the French language.


  • 1960

    Creation of the Francophone Ministers of Education Conference


  • 1955

    Creation of French-language public radio stations (CRPLF)


  • 1950

    Birth of the International Union of Journalists and the French Press


  • 1926

    Birth of the first French-speaking French association; association of French-language writers (ADELF)


  • 1880

    Invention of the term Francophonie by the French Onesimus Reclus (1837-1916)